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Thursday, August 13, 2020 | History

2 edition of financial and economic feasibility of reclaiming land from Egypt"s northern lakes found in the catalog.

financial and economic feasibility of reclaiming land from Egypt"s northern lakes

Thomas P. Tomich

financial and economic feasibility of reclaiming land from Egypt"s northern lakes

by Thomas P. Tomich

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Published by Harvard Institute for International Development in Cambridge, Mass .
Written in English


Edition Notes

StatementThomas P. Tomich and Carl H.Gotsch.
SeriesDevelopment discussion paper -- no.194
ContributionsGotsch, Carl H.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14590021M

The following text refers to a book used by the ancient Egyptians. What does this book suggest about Egyptian beliefs? To survive the dangerous journey through the underworld, Egyptians relied on the Book of the Dead. It contained spells, charms, and formulas for the dead to use in the afterlife. In the short term, economic policy will focus on mitigating the impact of the coronavirus, with fiscal conditions worsening, although reforms will be revived as part of a renewed IMF programme. Domestic demand and foreign inflows will take a hit in , with growth averaging about 1% in //21 but recovering to about 5% thereafter.

Hong Kong is an autonomous territory of the People's Republic of China on the Pearl River Delta of East Asia. Hong Kong is one of the world's most significant financial centres, with the highest Financial Development Index score and consistently ranks as the world's most competitive and freest economic entity. As world's 8th largest trading entity, its legal tender, the Hong Kong dollar, is. The economic feasibility of reclamation varies with such factors as the quality of the feedwater and the technology used. Reclamation is economically feasible in many circumstances, however, most likely including significant number of reclamation opportunities in the study region.

economic gains by land reclamation or social benefits from natural preservation. This implies land reclamation has basically two dimensions: a socioeconomic dimension and a socio-environmental dimension. A tradeoff between these two dimensions determine whether or. Coordinates. The United Kingdom is a sovereign state located off the north-western coast of continental a total area of approximately , square kilometres (95, sq mi), the UK occupies the major part of the British Isles archipelago and includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern one-sixth of the island of Ireland and many smaller surrounding islands.


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Financial and economic feasibility of reclaiming land from Egypt"s northern lakes by Thomas P. Tomich Download PDF EPUB FB2

Relevant to address the issue of land reclamation, and, taking Mitch-ell’s arguments into account, the new lands are analysed in the con-text of social and economic interactions and reference is made to the involvement of international actors in this process. Most of the literature on land reclamation in Egypt.

The Egyptian Ministry of Agriculture announced an effort to reclaim approximately million acres (, ha) of marginal or desert lands for agricultural use. Egypt has undertaken similar strategies in the past with limited success. 1. Introduction.

After the revolution 1, increased agricultural production through horizontal expansion i.e. through reclamation of desert lands was declared to be among the most important objectives of the Egyptian Government (Meyer,Wolff, ).Since then, land reclamation has been used for a number of different policy purposes and reclamation of the desert Cited by: Generally, in Egypt, land reclamation means converting desert areas to agricultural land and rural settlements (Adriansen ).

The newly reclaimed lands (with a potential area of million ha. Water resources management in modern Egypt is a complex process that involves multiple stakeholders who use water for irrigation, municipal and industrial water supply, hydropower generation and navigation.

In addition, the waters of the Nile support aquatic ecosystems that are threatened by abstraction and pollution. Egypt also has substantial fossil groundwater resources in the Western : Rules on government allocation of newly reclaimed land discriminate against women.

The Government of Egypt (GOE) plays a critical role in managing the Nile-based water supply for both agricultural and non- agricultural uses by: regulating the conversion of agricultural land to urban uses; developing new lands in upper Egypt and the Sinai to.

GAFRD, a subsidiary of the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, is the agency responsible for all planning and control activities related to fish production and the.

A project to reclaim land in Egypt’s western desert has been expanded to one and half million feddans of prospective agricultural land, state-owned news agency MENA reported on Monday. Egypt’s poor economic performance before November was manifested as follows: Firstly, GDP growth rates were on average poor and never exceeded three per cent at best.

The economic, financial and psychological factors depend on two main groups of parameters: (1) the internal motivation of the local water agencies and authorities to rapidly. In such cases the agricultural land is seized by the Egyptian government and compensation is paid.

Ownership of Desert Land and Agriculture Reclamation Land. The Law on Desert Lands regulates ownership of desert land.

This law restricts ownership of such land to Egyptian nationals and to Egyptian companies that are majority owned by Egyptians. Egypt is a country in the northeastern corner of Africa.

The Sinai Peninsula, which links Africa and Asia, is also part of the country. The vast majority of the Egyptian population lives on only about percent of Egypt’s land.

Most of the people are in the Nile River valley and the river’s large, fertile delta. As stressed in the first part of the paper, it is important to consider the Egyptian Governments’ land reclamation projects in the context of its wider agricultural and economic policies. It can be concluded that land reclamation has been on the political agenda since the s and used as a remedy for a variety of problems e.g.

The economy of Egypt was a highly centralized economy focused on import substitution under president Gamal Abdel Nasser ().

In the s, a series of International Monetary Fund arrangements, coupled with massive external debt relief resulting from Egypt's participation in the Gulf War coalition, helped Egypt improve its macroeconomic performance. A revolution in (and a coup two years later) tipped Egypt into economic crisis.

Investors and tourists fled. Growth was anaemic. Unemployment peaked at %. Leading up to the international financial crisis and the Egyptian revolution, Egypt undertook significant structural reforms to facilitate economic growth. Egypt is suffering its worst economic crisis since the Great Depression, a former finance minister of the country and one of its leading economists have warned.

In. Shami further noted that more than 90% of the land in Egypt has untapped mineral wealth and if the investment is done well, it will inject billions of dollars into the public treasury.

“There are land plots in Egypt known internationally for the size of their minerals, most notably the Red Sea, the Delta and the Golden Triangle,” he said. The financial institutions, such as the World Bank and IMF, are under the influence of Egypt.

Egypt falsely exaggerates her water needs and place herself as utterly dependent on the Nile waters. Her arguments do not address the presence of trillions cubic meters of aquifer and the feasibility of turning the salt water of the Mediterranean Sea.

The Office of the Government Economist and the Hong Kong Monetary Authority are under the Financial Secretary's Office. Department of Justice [ edit ] The Department of Justice is led by the Secretary for Justice (Hong Kong) (Legal Department and Attorney General before the transfer of sovereignty).

Most agricultural land is privately owned. Reclaimed new land, which was owned and operated by the government through public sector enterprises, has gradually been sold. Around 80 percent of this new land is currently operated by the private sector. Importance of agriculture in the Egyptian economy.The Pontine Marshes (/ ˈ p ɒ n t aɪ n /, also US: / ˈ p ɒ n t iː n /; Italian: Agro Pontino [ˈaːɡro ponˈtiːno], formerly also Paludi Pontine; Latin: Pomptinus Ager by Titus Livius, Pomptina Palus (singular) and Pomptinae Paludes (plural) by Pliny the Elder) is an approximately quadrangular area of former marshland in the Lazio Region of central Italy, extending along the coast.$52, matched by $52, in local investment, to the Northern Rocky Mountain Economic Development District, Bozeman/Gallatin County, Montana, to support the city of Bozeman with developing a conduit utility master plan and being the transition for operating the conduit system as its own revenue generating fund.